Terminalia chebula is a tree that grows at an altitude of 1,800 meters. The tree is round, branches are crowned and flat with a diameter of 1.5 to 2.5 meters. The leaves are deciduous, long, ovate acute, arranged in opposite pairs about 10 to 20 cm long. The flowers are white and grow light at the end of branches. The fruit is hard with yellowish green color. Each fruit has a single seed which is light yellow in color. The tree can be found in sub-Himalayan regions and different regions of India.
Chemical composition – Most important bio active constituents of fruit are tannins, anthraquinones, chebulinic acid, chebulagic acid, ellagic acid and gallic acid. Other minor compounds include corilagin, glucogallin β-D-glucose. Polyphenolic compounds, triterpene glycosides, terchebulin, punicalagin, terflavin A, flavonoids, sugars and starches are other components of the fruit. Terpene glycosides, arjungenin I and arjun glycosides. Contains 18 amino acids and a small amount of phosphoric acid, succinic acid, quinic acid, syringic acid.
Properties – Antioxidant, antibacterial, antiviral, antiprotozoal, anticarcinogenic, radiation protection, antimutagenic, chemopreventive, hepatoprotective, cardioprotective, cytoprotective, anti-diabetic, renoprotective, anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic, adaptogen, anti-anaphylactic, hypolipidemic, hypocholesterolemic, anti-ulcer, anti-caries, wound healing, purgative , antiallergic, immunomodulating.
Recommendation – Pain, bloating, abdominal tumor, duodenal disorders, hemorrhoids, jaundice, splenomegaly, anemia, emaciation, cardiac disorders, voice hoarseness, rhinitis, cough, dyspnea, diabetes, skin disorders, abnormal leucorrhea, skin disorders headache, blurred vision, chronic fever, low immunity.