Tribulus terrestris is an annual, herbaceous flowering plant. The plant grows mainly in the steppe, grassland areas with sandy or sandy-rocky gounds in warm temperate regions of South East Asia and tropical America, India and also widespread throughout Africa and Australia. The plant can thrive even in desert climates and soil with poor nutrient contents. Can be found in fields, meadows and on sandy soils. Stems can grow up to 60 cm tall, branches are arranged in rosettes. The leaves are opposite, petiolate, with 5 to 8 pairs of leaflets. The flowers are axillary, solitary, yellow in color and inflourish during May to September; fruit is a pentagonal capsule, hairy and those five angles have two corners with long spines and are strongly divergent.
Chemical composition- Contains saponins (furostanol and protodioscin – as active substances of plant and recently discovered terrestrine A and B) – glycosides and sugars, flavonoids, alkaloids, resins, tannins, substances with sterolidal structure.
Properties – Vitalizer, aphrodisiac (male), promotes libido and erection, muscular tonic, strengthens endurance and force, support normal testosterone levels, antianginal, vasodilator, platelet antiaggregatory, hypotensive, hypocholesterolemic, antioxidant, hepatoprotective, hypoglycemic, diuretic, antilithiasic, antibiotic, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, immunostimulant, anti-anemic, analgesic, antispasmodic, antidepressant.
Recommendation – Sexual disorders as frigidity, loss of libido, erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation, impotence, infertility, hormonal imbalance, muscle weakness, weakness and low resistance, angina, cardiac ischemia, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, cystitis, urinary calculi, urinary incontinence, urinary retention, bladder and prostate disorders, headache, dizziness, and irritation, rashes and non-specific inflammation, colic, abdominal and menstrual pain, premenstrual and menstrual syndrome, metabolic disorders such as diabetes mellitus, hyperuricemia and gout, hyperlipemia, premature aging.