Tinospora cordifolia, which is known by the common names as GILOY and GUDUCHI, native to tropical areas of India, Myanmar and Sri Lanka. The plant is a glabrous climbing shrub widespread in India usually grown in deciduous and dry forests. The leaves are heart-shaped. Bark is succulent with white-cream-gray in color and has deep cracks and patches of lenticels. It has long, thin, aerial roots and often grows on Mango and neem trees to gain support. The flowers are yellow in color, growing in lax racemes from nodes on the old wood. Fruits are drupes and become red at maturity.
Chimical composition – It contains polysaccharides and alkaloids (berberine, palmatine, terbertarine, and magnoflorine), diterpenoids, steroids, glycosides, polyphenols, sesquiterpenes and aliphatic compounds. 18-neoclerodane glycoside, furanoid diterpene glycosides- tinocordiside, syringine, sitosterol etc..
Properties – Antidiabetic, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic, anti oxidant, anti-allergic, anti-stress, anti-epileptic, hepatoprotective, immunomodulatory and anti-tumor.
Recommendation – Diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, digestive problems, gout, tumor, rheumatoid arthritis, liver problems, stomach ulcers, fever, gonorrhea, problems associated with the immune system, hyperacidity, colitis, worm infestations, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, excessive thirst, anemia, cardiac debility, sexual debility and splenic disorders.