Mentha Piperita (Mint) is a perennial, resistant plant that spreads quickly. In the earth it has a rhizome from which aerial stems forms which are up to 1m tall, straight, branched, green or reddish-purple in color. Leaves are arranged opposite, oval-lanceolate, petiolate, dark green in color on the superior surface and lighter on the interior surface. The flowers are purplish-pink in color and asymmetric. It inflourishes from June to September. Leaves and aerial parts are used for therapeutic purposes.
Chemical composition – Leaves contain a high amount of essential oils, polyphenolic substances, tannins, flavonoids and bitters. The volatile oil of peppermint is composed of menthol, menthone, Menthofuran, carvacrol, thymol.
Properties – Spasmolytic, antiseptic, analgesic and respiratory decongestant, flavoring agent, antimicrobial, radiation protector, anti-emetic, digestive, diuretic.
Recommendation – Colic, gastrointestinal infections, nausea, vomiting, abdominal meterorism, diarrhea, nervousness, biliary dyskinesia, kidney stones, biliary calculi, vertigo, hiccough, bronchitis, influenza, asthma, laryngitis, pharyngitis, whooping cough, insomnia, headache , migraine, neuralgia, impotence, ascaridiosis, oxiuriasis etc..