In modern society infections and sexually transmitted diseases are continuously increasing, but timely diagnosis led to successful treatment of the great majority of them. Some smear, spills occurring in normal underwear, to which any gynecologist claims this like an infection! The question is where the line/limit between normal and problem, and how far can be “stretched “normality? Urogenital infections are one of the most common reasons of presentation of urologist or gynecologist. Proper diagnosis and well-chosen treatment and the practice of sexual and genital minimum hygiene measures may provide long-term beneficial effects, especially in young segment of the female population, which is also the most affected by this pathology.
Abundant secretions, local itching or burning sensation, burning sensation during urination are just some of the symptoms of urogenital infections. They are caused by multiple organisms, including common are: Chlamydia, Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma, Trichomonas vaginalis (trichomoniasis), Candida albicans (candidiasis), Cytomegalovirus, Herpes Genital, Gardnerella vaginalis and Toxoplasma. These infections are found in both sexes, except for Toxoplasmosis is a disease specific to women as vaginal mucosa has a larger area and the virus can be manifested more easily. Below are some of the most common urogenital disorders:
CHLAMYDIOSIS OR CHLAMYDIA INFECTION
Infection with Chlamydia trachomatis is one of the most common genital infections, and most untreated and undetected at the same time, because, sometimes symptoms do not occur. Mode of infection is much easier than other infections that can not only through sexual contact, but also through the use of public toilets or even swimming in pools that do not comply with the rules of hygiene. Among its manifestations include: whitish or yellowish abnormal secretions, painful urination, abnormal bleeding between menstrual periods, dysmenorrhea, turbid urine, discomfort during sexual acts. Protection against infection is the use of condoms to contact, use lesser extent public toilets and avoid pools.
Vaginal candidiasis is a genital infection caused by fungi, the most common being incriminated is Candida albicans. Some fungal strains are normally found in the normal flora, saprophytic organism (skin in the mouth, and in the vagina). Under certain conditions, these strains can become pathogenic and can cause vaginal candidiasis. The vagina is protected from infections by so called bacilli Doderlein or lactobacilli. Destruction of lactic bacillus flora is responsible for most cases of inflammation of the vagina, and the transformation of infectious agents in saprophytic pathogens
In case called vaginal mycotic infections of Candida scientific and the most commonly responsible for mycotic vaginitis is Candida albicans. It is estimated that one percent of 20-50% of healthy women develop vaginal candidiasis at a particular time. Candida albicans is naturally found in the vagina and can give rise candidiasis only if other factors act on it that upon contact with it, give rise to infections. Such factors include progesterone and antibiotics, which in excess can cause the onset. Among the manifestations of vaginal candidiasis include abnormal heavy discharge with white and cheesy consistency, burning, itching, intense menstrual pain, frequent urination, etc. The most common symptom is vulvar and/or vaginal itching.
Ureaplasma urealyticum is a bacterium of Mycoplasmas class that causes “silent”, urinary tract infections without symptoms. The lack of cell wall in the bacteria makes it drug resistance, such as those of penicillins. Also, some strains of Ureaplasma urealyticum have acquired stronger resistance to antibiotic and this makes the infection more difficult to treat. However, this infection does not fall into the category of sexually transmitted diseases, as other ways of contacting to the pathogenic agents. The most serious symptoms of Ureaplasma urealyticum infection are infertility and kidney stones in both sexes.
Ureaplasma urealyticum can metabolize urea, thus leading to the formation of calculi in the kidney and bladder.
Infertility occurs in the context of pelvic inflammatory disease in women and in men by inhibiting sperm motility.
Mild disease are vulvitis, vaginitis, urethritis which are manifested by abnormal discharge, itching, irritation, burning sensation when urinating. Chronic diseases involve anxiety, salpingitis, pelvic abscess and often prostatitis in men.
Fever as well as itching and burning in the genital area or vaginal secretions abnormalities are among the first signs that may signal for a herpes infection. Genital herpes is caused by a virus called Herpes simplex type 2 (HSV 2) and is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. The ways of manifestation of infection varies from person to person, some show asymptomatic for a period, while others may cause severe symptoms. In most cases, when a person is infected first time with genital herpes, the symptoms develop in the first 2 weeks of contacting virus: itching, burning, discomfort in the genital area, abnormal vaginal discharge, feeling of pressure in the abdomen, pain or burning with urination, etc. are the main signs.
The infection is spread by contact with an injury or skin to skin contact, since the virus has periods in which it is contagious without existing signs on skin. First appearance of herpes can be spread over a period of several weeks. After this, the virus retreats into the nervous system, where it remains inactive until certain triggers reactivate them.
Typically, a subsequent appearance of lesions happens to weeks or months after the first lap. In most cases, they are less severe and shorter than the first episode. Although, the infection can persist in the body for an undefined period whereas the number of active episodes tends to decrease after a number of years.
Along with allopathic therapies and compliance with personal hygiene measures, urogenital infections can be tackled with natural treatments. Herbs used both internally and externally, have beneficial effects due to their anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and antifungal and tonic properties.
In case of urinary system infections, both women and men can use Ayurmed brand natural dietary supplement URINOSALM that contains herbs with tonic and invigorating properties for urinary system. URINOSALM also provides diuretic, anti-inflammatory and antibiotic benefits to urinary tract and is highly effective in both acute and chronic urinary tract infections.
In women, to increase immunity of urogenital system, Ayurmed brand natural dietary supplement SHECURE syrup may be successfully given, which has tonic, revitalizing, immuno-stimulant and aphrodisiac properties. The herb composition of the product improves ovulatory dysfunction, normalizes menstruation and galactogenesis (the formation of breast milk). SHECURE syrup contributes to reduce profuse bleeding due to meno-and metrorrhagia, alleviates unpleasant states occurred during the pre-menstrual and menstrual period, provides the energy to the body needed to sustain intense physical and mental efforts. SHECURE syrup also effective in preventing and combating existing urogenital infections and kidney stones.