Andrographis paniculata is an annual herbaceous plant of Acanthaceae family, native to India and Sri Lanka. All plant parts give an extremely bitter taste. Andrographis paniculata grows to a height of 30-110 cm in humid, shady places. Stem is dark green in color thin, quadrangular in cross section with longitudinal wings with furrows along the angles. Leaves are lance-shaped with 8 cm long 2.5 cm wide. The small flowers are borne in spread racemes. The fruit is a capsule about 2 cm long and a few millimeters wide. It contains many yellow-brown seeds.
Chemical composition – Contains diterpene lactones – Andrographolides. Leaves containing other diterpene lactones such as: Andrographolides, andrographysides, 14-deoxy-11, 12-didehydroandrographolide, flavonoids, oroxylin, wogonin, andrographidine A, B, C, D, E, F.
Properties – Bitter tonic, digestive tonic, cholagogue, laxative, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, expectorant, depurative, hepatoprotective, anthelmintic, digestive.
Recommendations – Diarrhea, dysentery, hepatitis lymphatic conditions, anorexia, constipation, jaundice, spleen and kidney disorders, dyspepsia, cough, arthritis, rheumatism, depression, candida, lupus, diabetes, hemorrhoids, fever, fatigue, cold sores, dermatitis, eczema, burns, pneumonia, bronchitis, liver problems, adrenal gland problems, insomnia.