Abroma augusta belongs to the family Malvaceae. Abroma augusta is a shrub, a small tree who reaches a height of 3-5 meters with horizontal and velvety branches. The leaves are alternate. Dried roots are 0.5-1.0 mm thick and are very fibrous, bark is dark brown in color, bark thickness varies from age and root circumference. The leaves are polymorphic about 10-30 cm long and 6-18 cm long wide. The flowers are 5 cm in diameter, dark red, purple or yellow in color.
Chemical composition – The plant contains alkaloids. Root bark containing mixed oils; resins; alkaloids. The root contains abromin, sterol, friedelin, abromasterol, betaine, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, a basic compound and stabilized oil. Root bark contains α-amyrin olive acid, protocatechuic, caffeic acid vanilla and glycosidic forms esters, rhamnose, arabinose, xylose, mannose, galactose, glucose, galacturonic acid and glucuronic acid. The leaves contain taraxerol, ethyl b-sitosterol, lupeol, an aliphatic alcohol, octacosanol.
Properties – Emmenagogue, uterine tonic, maintains normal menstrual flow, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antifungal, antioxidant.
Recommendations – Dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, infertility and other menstrual disorders, uterine disorders, diabetes, rheumatic pains in the joints, headache, sinusitis, gonorrhea, dermatitis, sores, irregular menstruation, stomach pain.