Terminalia arjuna is the large size deciduous tree. The height of the Arjuna tree reaches upto 60 -85 feet. It is the evergreen tree with yellow flowers and conical leaves. It has a smooth gray bark. Fruit is 2.5 -3.5 cm long, fibrous woody, glabrous with 5 hard wings, striated with numerous curved veins. It has a buttressed trunk and a vast spreading crown from which the branches drop downwards. Its leaves are dull green on superficial part and pale brown on interior part. Arjuna produces flowers between March to June and fruits between September to November.
Chemical composition – The bark is rich in saponnins, natural anti-oxidants (flavonoids-arjunone, arjunolone, leteilin) gallic acid, ellagic acid, oligomeric proanthocyanidins, phytosterols, minerals like calcium, magnesium,zinc and copper. It also contains triterpine glycosides such as arjunetosides I, II, III, IV, arjunine and arjunetein.
Properties – Anti-ischemic, antiatherosclerotic, cardioprotector and cardio-tonic, diuretic, hypocolesterolemic, hypolipidemic, antioxidant, afrodisiac, anti-mutagen, astringent.
Recommendation – Cardiac insuffiency and dropsy, hypertension, atherosclerosis, acne, asthma, bone fractures, diarrhea and dysentery, sexual problems, low libido, urinary infections, kidney stones, chronic fever (tuberculosis), hemorrhoids.
This plant is incorporated in natural remedy LYON HEART.