Chlorophytum arundinaceum (Safed Musli) is a plant with suberect leaves and tuberous root system. The tubers may grow upto a maximum height of 45 cm. Tubers grows to a depth of 25 cm. The plant has a rosette of long, thin leaves, growing from a thick, fleshy rhizome. The leaves are slightly yellow and flowers are small and white in color with six petals, arranged on stems of flowering plant which have origin from the center. Approximately 20 to 25 flowers per stem grow in July. The seed is very small, black in color. There are about 10-12 seeds exist within an orifice. The seed is very light in weight. Tubers are used for therapeutic purposes.
Chimical composition – Chlorophytum arundinaceum contains carbohydrates protein, fiber, saponins and alkaloids. Saponins and alkaloids have medicinal value. It is a rich source of more than 25 alkaloids, vitamins, proteins, carbohydrates, steroids, saponins, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phenol resins, mucilages and polysaccharides and also contains large amounts of simple sugars, primarily sucrose, glucose, fructose, galactose, mannose, and xylose. Contains stigmasterol and saponin called as furostanol and chlorophytum-I (3b, 5a, 22R, 25R) -26- (β- Oxy glucopyranosyl)-22-hydroxy-furostan-12-O-3-yl, β-D-galactopyranosyl a (1-4) glucopyranoside.
Properties – Immunomodulator, stimulant and tonic, antistress, adaptogen, antioxidant, antimicrobial, antimutagenic, antiulcer, antitumor, aphrodisiac, glactogen, antidibetic.
Recommendation – Sexual disorders, decreased libido, cough and asthma, dysuria, polyuria, gonorrhea, menorrhagia, leucorrhea, piles and leucoderma, diabetes, obesity and immune problems, ophthalmic conditions, vomiting, dyspepsia, lumbago, joint pain and problems associated nervous system.