Azadirachta Indica (Neem) is an evergreen tree that can reach a height of 15-20 meters. The branches are wide, leaves are opposite, pinnate, 20-40 cm long, with 20 to 31 average dark green leaflets about 3-8 cm in length. Petioles are short. The flowers (white and fragrant) are arranged in panicles axillary, more or less, which are up to 25 cm long. The fruit is a smooth drupe (as olive) which varies elongated oval to almost round. Leaves, twigs, seeds and barks are used for therapeutic purpose.
Chemical composition – Contains Nimbin, Nimbidin, nimbidol, gedunin, Sodium nimbinate, queceretin, salannine, Azadirachtine. Seed oil contains fatty acids –oleic acid, stearic acid, palmitic acid, linoleic acid.
Properties – Anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic, antihistaminic, anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, anti-ulcer, analgesic, anti-arrythmic, anti-protozoal, vasodilator, diuretic, spermicide, anti-arthritic, strong detoxifier, antidiabetic, cardioprotective, dermoprotective.
Recommendation – Hiperdipsia, leprosy, diabetes, high blood sugar, skin disorders, eczema, leucoderma, pruritus, intermittent fever, wounds, ulcers, burning, cancer, tuberculosis, anorexia, vomiting, dyspepsia, intestinal worms, liver disease, cough, bronchitis, inflammation and fatigue, dental disease, oral infections.