Normal aging well is an art. Wrinkles are an inevitable process, starting from the moment we were born and go deeper as we get older. With proper care of the skin through proper treatments and right selection of anti-aging methods, and their use preventively or at the first signs, may slow down this natural process. A wrinkle, also known as a rhytide, is a fold, ridge or crease in the skin that form due to musculature actions just below it. Wrinkles are fine lines or deep surface. Preventive methods are commonly applied for skin protection. Wrinkles are formed both on face and other areas such as arms, neck, cleavage, etc.
After moving from the age of 20 years, the first signs of aging begin to make their presence felt: wrinkles appear on the forehead, between the eyebrows and then some wrinkles of the external skin zones of eye. After 30 years, wrinkles appear around the lips, nose and so-called “crow’s feet”. After 40 years, wrinkles become very visible, prominent to forehead, skin around the eyes and mouth corner.
In 1956, Dr. Denham Harman from the University of Nebraska presented a bold theory, now known as “theory of free radicals in the aging process.” Its importance had been ignored for two decades by the medical community until the supporting proofs of this theory became evident, so this theory could not be denied any more and became an indisputable fact. Dr. Harman describes the activity of free radicals as a sort of “internal radiation” which attacks and destroys cells and tissues, causing various symptoms typically attributed to aging, wrinkled skin, pigmentation, cataracts, arthritis, cardiovascular diseases, glaucoma, Alzheimer’s disease, memory loss, stroke, senility, cancer and other degenerative disorders. Aging, according to him, is not a chronological process caused by the passage of age, but rather a biological process determined by the rate of assimilation of free radicals in the body, damaging the cells, attacking tissues and affecting vital functions of the body. Genetic factors or hormonal changes may contribute to intrinsic aging.
Prolonged exposure to sunlight causes destruction of collagen in the skin and enhances wrinkle formation, especially in people with bright skin, high temperatures with low humidity cause skin dehydration. The cold weather causes a decreased circulation to the facial skin followed by temporary closure of peripheral vessels, decreased sebum production, decreased toxin removal and thereby degradation of skin. Free radicals can cause a person look older than the actual biological age, contributing to wrinkle appearance and the other signs of aging such as “age spots”. The collagen Layer in the skin gives it elasticity and is very sensitive to free radicals which reduce the elasticity; as a result the skin loses its original capacity to retain its elasticity. When the body is exposed to UV rays, it produces inflammatory compounds. Even if bronzed skin produces an illusion of smoother, healthy and young skin, after the disappearance of bronze complexion, the same thing happens because free radicals produce continuously in time, and cause the skin full of wrinkles.
Skin is the most voluminous organ of the human body. Any pathological condition that affects the body leaves its traces on skin. Sleepless, disorderly life, stress, smoking and heavy alcohol consumption associated with irregular, improper diet, low in vitamins, as well as the use of improper cosmetics and inadequate skincare are harmful factors that may cause wrinkles and premature aging.
As person grows older, skin cells divide more slowly, and the inner layer, the dermis, begins to thin. The network of elastin (that gives the degree of elasticity of the skin) and collagen fibers (the major supporting protein of the skin), which support surface layers, become weaker or begin to break down, causing wrinkles. It is well said that beauty starts from within (from interior). When we have not enough water in the body, they can cause less amount of sebum secreted by sebaceous glands and due to which the skin’s lipid balance gets disturbed, which leads to “wrinkling”. To note is that alcohol and carbonated beverages may increase skin dehydration.
One not has to be vegetarian in order to know that the fruits (especially those with darker skin) and vegetables contain significant amounts of antioxidants that prevent premature aging. Vitamin C helps produce collagen, regulates sebaceous secretion and prevents the appearance of deep wrinkles. Selenium increases the resistance of the skin during exposure to sunlight and it slows the aging process by acting against free radicals. Vitamin E accelerates cell renewal, improves skin tolerance to sunlight, acting in synergy with selenium and vitamin C, and prevents degradation of essential fatty acids.